The Time Use Survey of 2015 was carried out by CAPMAS for the first time to measure unpaid work for Egyptians, especially women, and study differences in time use according to some demographic and social characteristics.
Time use surveys are crucial instruments in social science research that provide valuable insights into how individuals allocate their time across various activities. These surveys systematically capture and quantify the amount of time people spend on diverse pursuits, such as work, leisure, household chores, and personal care. The data collected through time use surveys offer researchers a comprehensive understanding of societal trends, patterns, and dynamics, shedding light on evolving social structures, economic activities, and cultural practices. By examining how individuals distribute their time, researchers can discern patterns related to gender roles, socioeconomic disparities, and lifestyle changes. Time use surveys also play a pivotal role in informing public policy and program development, guiding decisions on issues ranging from labor market regulations to family support systems. Furthermore, these surveys contribute to the advancement of our understanding of human behavior and well-being, offering a nuanced perspective on the complexities of modern life and its impact on individuals and societies. As such, time use surveys are indispensable tools for scholars, policymakers, and social scientists alike, fostering a deeper comprehension of the intricate interplay between time allocation and various socio-economic factors.
Given the value and importance of studying the use of time to provide data to estimate the unpaid work of families, the Central Agency for Public Mobilization and Statistics was keen to conduct a special survey in 2015, based on specially prepared questionnaires, to determine how family members, both men and women (aged 10 years and older) spend their times, and the work they do to determine whether this work is directed to the paid labor market or to the provision of unpaid services within the home. Through this survey, it is possible to estimate the unpaid work of women and men inside or outside the home, and then could estimate a value for this work and adds it to the gross domestic product.
Kind of Data
Sample survey data [ssd]
Unit of Analysis
V1: A cleaned and a harmonized version of the survey dataset, produced by the Economic Research Forum for dissemination.
All documentation available for the original survey provided by the Statistical Agency, and for the harmonized datasets produced by the Economic Research Forum, are published, along with a copy of all occupations and economic activities used during the harmonization process.
However, as far as the datasets are concerned, the Economic Research Forum produces and releases only the harmonized versions in both SPSS and STATA formats.
Household: Includes geographical characteristics, household composition, LFS classification of household members, head's and spouse's characteristics, dwelling characteristics and ownership of durables.
Individual: Includes demographics, education, current labor status, main job or last held job characteristics.
Selected Individuals: Includes demographics, education, current labor status, main job or last held job characteristics., and the detailed time use module.
Ownership of durabales
Time use in the last 24 hours
Governorate (6 governorates, 2 governorates within each region)
Region (urban governorates, Lower Egypt and Upper Egypt)
The survey covered a national representative sample for the regions of Egypt for the households, a male and a female in the age group from 10 years and above in each household was selected to fill the time use module
Producers and sponsors
Central Agency For Public Mobilization & Statistics
1- The sample was drawn from the basic sample ( Master Sampling) prepared by CAPMAS, which is a stratified, self-weighted sample. The number of primary sampling units (cadastral plots) was 5,024 enumeration areas (the size of the enumeration area is about 200 households on average.
2- A stratified random sample was designed as follows:
A- Six governorates were selected, two from each geographical region (urban, Lower Egypt, and Upper Egypt): Cairo, Alexandria, Gharbia, Dakahlia, Minya, and Sohag. These governorates are representative of the Republic's regions, excluding the border governorates region, which constitutes 1.5% of the total families in the Republic.
B- Selecting a sample of 145 area plots (primary sampling unit PSU) representing the six governorates. From each area plot, 24 households were selected, so that the number of cadastral plots selected in each of the six governorates is proportional to the number of population and households in that governorate.
C- Choosing two individuals, a male and a female, from each household. The sample amounted to 348 households, with a total number of 6,895 eligible individuals. The percentage of males in the survey was 50.5% compared to 49.5% for females.
The response rate reached 94.7% on the national level, while the response rate for governorates was as follows:
Dates of Data Collection
Data Collection Mode
Central Agency for Public Mobilization and Statistics
The survey used three questionnaires to complete data:
1- Household Questionnaire:
The questionnaire aims to list the members of the household, some of their characteristics, in addition to information about the family’s property to identify the social and economic conditions of the family in general.
2- Individual Questionnaire:
The questionnaire questions included details about the characteristics of the qualified individual who was selected (the respondent), and he was asked about how he spent his time during the full 24 hours in the time use log.
3- Time Use Questionnaire:
The record contained information related to the activities carried out by the individual, and the time he took to carry out these activities to find out how each respondent spent his time over a period of twenty-four hours on the day immediately preceding the date of the visit. The day after four o’clock in the morning was divided into time periods of ten minutes in length during Day until midnight and then thirty minutes after that.
Economic Research Forum
Economic Research Forum (ERF) - 21 Al-Sad Al-Aaly St., Dokki, Giza, Egypt
To access the micro data, researchers are required to register on the ERF website and comply with the data access agreement.
The data will be used only for scholarly research, or educational purposes. Users are prohibited from using data acquired from the Economic Research Forum in the pursuit of any commercial or private ventures.
Licensed datasets, accessible under conditions.
The users should cite the Economic Research Forum and the Central Agency for Public Mobilization and Statistics as follows:
OAMDI, 2023. Harmonized Time Use data, http://www.erfdataportal.com/index.php/catalog. Version 1.0 of Licensed Data Files; TUS 2015- Central Agency for Public Mobilization and Statistics (CAPMAS). Egypt: Economic Research Forum (ERF).
Disclaimer and copyrights
The Economic Research Forum and the Central Agency for Public Mobilization and Statistics have granted the researcher access to relevant data following exhaustive efforts to protect the confidentiality of individual data. The researcher is solely responsible for any analysis or conclusions drawn from available data.
(c) 2023, Economic Research Forum | (c) 2015, CAPMAS, Egypt
DDI Document ID
Economic Research Forum
Cleaning and harmonizing raw data received from the Statistical Agency