The Time Use Survey of 2012/2013 was carried out by PCBS for the second time, twelve years after the implementation of the first survey, to examine the changes that have occurred to life in Palestinian society.
Time use surveys are crucial instruments in social science research that provide valuable insights into how individuals allocate their time across various activities. These surveys systematically capture and quantify the amount of time people spend on diverse pursuits, such as work, leisure, household chores, and personal care. The data collected through time use surveys offer researchers a comprehensive understanding of societal trends, patterns, and dynamics, shedding light on evolving social structures, economic activities, and cultural practices. By examining how individuals distribute their time, researchers can discern patterns related to gender roles, socioeconomic disparities, and lifestyle changes. Time use surveys also play a pivotal role in informing public policy and program development, guiding decisions on issues ranging from labor market regulations to family support systems. Furthermore, these surveys contribute to the advancement of our understanding of human behavior and well-being, offering a nuanced perspective on the complexities of modern life and its impact on individuals and societies. As such, time use surveys are indispensable tools for scholars, policymakers, and social scientists alike, fostering a deeper comprehension of the intricate interplay between time allocation and various socio-economic factors.
Kind of Data
Sample survey data [ssd]
Unit of Analysis
V1: A cleaned and a harmonized version of the survey dataset, produced by the Economic Research Forum for dissemination.
All documentation available for the original survey provided by the Statistical Agency, and for the harmonized datasets produced by the Economic Research Forum, are published, along with a copy of all occupations and economic activities used during the harmonization process.
However, as far as the datasets are concerned, the Economic Research Forum produces and releases only the harmonized versions in both SPSS and STATA formats.
Household: Includes geographical characteristics, household composition, LFS classification of household members, head's and spouse's characteristics, dwelling characteristics and ownership of durables.
Individual: Includes demographics, education, current labor status, main job or last held job characteristics.
Selected Individuals: Includes demographics, education, current labor status, main job or last held job characteristics., and the detailed time use module.
Ownership of durabales
Time use in the last 24 hours
Governorate (16 governorates in west bank and Gaza strip)
Locality type (urban, rural, camps)
The survey covered all Palestinian households who are a usual residence of the Palestinian Territory.
Producers and sponsors
Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics
The sampling frame of the survey consists of a list of enumeration areas from the population and buildings and establishments census which was implemented by PCBS in 2007 (the enumeration area is a geographical area contains number of households of about 124 households in average).The enumeration areas will be used as primary sampling units in sampling design (PSUs).
Sample Size The sample size of the survey is 5,903 Palestinian households.
After determining the sample size, the sample type is three-stage stratified cluster sample as following:
1- First stage: selecting systematic sample of 220 clusters (enumeration areas).
2- Second stage: selection sample of 21 responded households from each EA selected in the first stage (we use the area sampling to get this number of responded households).
3- Third stage: selection two individuals male and female (10 years and more) from each household selected in second stage using random kish tables.
The population was divided to strata by:
1- Governorate (16 governorates in west bank and Gaza strip)
2- Locality type (urban, rural, camps)
Target population of the survey consists of all Palestinian individuals of age group 10 years and over, who are living normally with their households in Palestine in 2012/2013 .
The sample size of the survey was 5,903 households and 4,605 households were completed. Weights were adjusted to compensate for the non-response cases.
The response rate in the survey in Palestine was 79.6% for households, and 98.1% for the individuals , where 8,560 completed the questionnaire out of 8,779 individuals.
Dates of Data Collection
Data Collection Mode
Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics
Palestinian National Authority
The survey questionnaire is the main tool for data collection and was designed on the basis of international surveys specially designed for time use surveys, as well as on the basis of the recommendations of the workshop on time use surveys held in Jordan in 2010. This was organized by ESCWA in cooperation with UNSD to develop a questionnaire for a time use survey and coding manual, along with adding activities related to the Palestinian context compatible with the coding manual of the United Nations of 2006.
The questionnaire meets the technical specifications for the field work phase and data processing and analysis requirements.
The questionnaire included several sections:
1. Household Members Background Details:
These include household members, relationship to the head of household, gender, date of birth and age, in addition to other demographic and economic data for the household as a whole.
2. Household Questionnaire:
This includes questions related to the household in terms of type of housing unit, material used as flooring in the housing unit, primary fuel type used in cooking, goods and services available, monthly household income, and other indicators.
3. Daily Record Questionnaire:
This part of the questionnaire comprised two time records: in the first record, one male member of the household aged 10 years and above is selected at random and in the second record, one female household member aged 10 years and above is selected at random. The day was divided into periods of time of up to 30 minutes each from midnight until six am and  10 minutes for each period during the day from six am until twelve o'clock at night. The record also contains information that shows whether the activity was performed for a fee or financial return or not. Any secondary activity is also recorded. This information identifies the respondent performing these activities, with whom and the means of transportation or venue where the individual performed the various activities throughout the day (during a 24-hour period).
Economic Research Forum
Economic Research Forum (ERF) - 21 Al-Sad Al-Aaly St., Dokki, Giza, Egypt
To access the micro data, researchers are required to register on the ERF website and comply with the data access agreement.
The data will be used only for scholarly research, or educational purposes. Users are prohibited from using data acquired from the Economic Research Forum in the pursuit of any commercial or private ventures.
Licensed datasets, accessible under conditions.
The users should cite the Economic Research Forum and the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics as follows:
OAMDI, 2023. Harmonized Time Use data, http://www.erfdataportal.com/index.php/catalog. Version 1.0 of Licensed Data Files; TUS 2012/2013- Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics (PCBS). Egypt: Economic Research Forum (ERF).
Disclaimer and copyrights
The Economic Research Forum and the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics have granted the researcher access to relevant data following exhaustive efforts to protect the confidentiality of individual data. The researcher is solely responsible for any analysis or conclusions drawn from available data.
(c) 2023, Economic Research Forum | (c) 2012/2013, Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics
DDI Document ID
Economic Research Forum
Cleaning and harmonizing raw data received from the Statistical Agency