The first Comprehensive Economic Census was carried out in 1991/1992, and it was followed by many Economic Censuses. The second, was carried out in 1996/1997, the third in 2000/2001, then the current one 2012/2013, which is the fourth Economic Census carried out by CAPMAS.
THE CLEANED AND HARMONIZED VERSION OF THE SURVEY DATA PRODUCED AND PUBLISHED BY THE ECONOMIC RESEARCH FORUM REPRESENTS 50% OF THE ORIGINAL SURVEY DATA COLLECTED BY THE CENTRAL AGENCY FOR PUBLIC MOBILIZATION AND STATISTICS
Economic Census is considered the main source for information about the economic activities in Egypt. The Economic Census provides a huge amount of data which sheds light on the components and elements of economic activity by providing a complete, comprehensive and detailed image of economic establishments in various sectors according to the most recent international standards and concepts.
The main goals of Economic Census
1- Providing a comprehensive image and detailed information of the structure and characteristics of the various economic activities and their geographical distributions that enable measuring the economic performance.
2- Providing a complete and detailed information about the value of inputs and outputs, separately for each economic activity, at the governorate level and for Egypt.
3- Measuring the contribution of each economic activity in the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and assess its relative importance for each economic activity compared to other economic activities within national economy, at the governorate level and for Egypt.
4- Providing data about the Micro, Small and Medium establishments (number of establishments and employees, wages, …. etc.), for economic activities at the governorate level and for Egypt.
Kind of Data
Census/enumeration data [cen]
Unit of Analysis
V1.0: A translated version of the Economic Census dataset, produced by the Economic Research Forum for dissemination.
All documentation available for the original survey provided by the Statistical Agency, and for the translated datasets produced by the Economic Research Forum, has been published.
However, as far as the datasets are concerned, the Economic Research Forum produces and releases only the translated versions in both SPSS and STATA formats.
The Economic Census includes a questionnaire that covers:
· Economic Activity,
· Number of Paid/Un-Paied Workers,
· Total Number of Workers,
· Total Wages,
· Value Added,
· Commodity Supplies,
· Total Service Expenses During the Year,
· Total Revenue,
The Census covered a national sample of Establishments.
Producers and sponsors
Central Agency for Public Mobilization and Statistics
Economic Research Forum
Central Agency for Public Mobilization and Statistics
The Establishment Census, conducted as part of the 2006 Population, Housing, and Establishment Census, utilized the framework established by the aforementioned census. This framework specifically encompassed active and temporarily closed establishments, excluding government-run ones. Seven distinct frameworks were employed, covering a total of 164,000 establishments to ensure comprehensive coverage:
1. The frame was bifurcated into two sections: the first comprising active establishments and the second consisting of temporarily closed ones.
2. Monitoring of small-sized establishments occurred in two stages: initially, a sample of enumeration areas (1,800 in total) was selected, representing 10% of the total enumeration areas in the 2006 establishments census. Subsequently, a sample of establishments was chosen from each economic activity at the ISIC tabular category level within each enumeration area, totaling 96,000 establishments.
Rare activities' establishments, specifically those with 500 or fewer establishments distributed across the governorates were included.
3. A comprehensive inventory of establishments employing 10 or more workers and not included in the current statistics, based on the 2006 Establishment Census data, with a total of 18,000 establishments
4. The Educational Activity Establishments category involved a comprehensive inventory of private schools, universities, higher and intermediate institutes. This included 6,000 schools, 19 universities, around 250 colleges and higher institutes, as well as upper-intermediate institutes.
5. Health Activity Establishments entailed a sample size of 14,000 establishments, representing 20% of the total framework of clinics, medical centers, and analysis laboratories in the private sector. These were selected and drawn from the Ministry of Health.
6. Active Big Establishments for wholesale and retail trade underwent a comprehensive inventory. This encompassed various legal entities such as joint stock, limited liability, limited partnership, and branches of foreign companies, totaling approximately 10,000 establishments.
7. Mining and quarrying activities were also subject to a comprehensive inventory. This covered establishments operating in the field of mines and quarries, which were not included in the regular statistics, amounting to around 2,000 establishments.
The average response rate for the economic census 2012/2013 was 93%.
Since the selected sample is not self-weighted and and exhibits varying response rates within each stratum,it becomes imperative to compute weights in order to derive economic results or indicators at the national, governorate, and economic activity levels. For specific information on how these weights were calculated, please refer to the enclosed documents.
Furthermore, adjustments to the weights were made to accommodate the 50% subsample of the original data.
Dates of Data Collection
Data Collection Mode
Central Agency For Public Mobilization & Statistics
Such framework consists of two main parts as follows:
Part one: Regular statistics, which includes all establishments in both Public and Public Business Sectors, and some private sector establishments, which are regularly conducted annually.
Part two: Including private sector establishments covered in the EC using sampling method, for those which aren't covered by regular statistics.
Twelve questionnaires were designed for the 2012/2013 Economic Census to collect data from all economic activities in the private sector, which are not covered in the regular statistics. These activities include:
- Mining and quarrying activities, establishments (9 employees and less),
- Manufacturing Activities (9 employees and less),
- Activities of Repair and maintenance of motor vehicles, personal and household goods,
- Wholesale and Retail-sale Activities,
- Restaurants, food & beverage, and bar services activities,
- Transportation and Storage Activities,
- Business, social and personal services Activities.
- Education activities, institutes and colleges,
- Other educational activities,
- Agricultural activities,
- Communication activities,
- Construction activities.
Note: The questionnaire can be seen in the documentation tab.
Economic Research Forum
Economic Research Forum (ERF) - 21 Al-Sad Al-Aaly St., Dokki, Giza, Egypt
To access the micro-data, researchers are required to register on the ERF website and comply with the data access agreement. The data will be used only for scholarly, research, or educational purposes. Users are prohibited from using data acquired from the Economic Research Forum in the pursuit of any commercial or private ventures.
Licensed datasets, accessible under conditions.
The users should cite the Economic Research Forum and Central Agency For Public Mobilization & Statistics as follows:
"OAMDI, 2023. Economic Census, http://www.erfdataportal.com/index.php/catalog. Version 1.0 of the licensed data files; Egypt- Eco_Census 2012/2013- Central Agency for Public Mobilization and Statistics (CAPMAS). Egypt: Economic Research Forum (ERF).”
Disclaimer and copyrights
The Economic Research Forum and the Central Agency For Public Mobilization & Statistics have granted the researcher access to relevant data following exhaustive efforts to protect the confidentiality of individual data. The researcher is solely responsible for any analysis or conclusions drawn from available data.
(c) 2023, Economic Research Forum | (c) 2013, CAPMAS, Egypt