The first Comprehensive Economic Census was carried out in 1991/1992, and it was followed by many Economic Censuses. The second, was carried out in 1996/1997, the third in 2000/2001, the fourth in 2012/2013, then the current one 2017/2018, which is the fifth Economic Census carried out by CAPMAS. This Economic Census is the first E-Economic Census that was designed and conducted using modern technology to ensure the speed and accuracy of results.
THE CLEANED AND HARMONIZED VERSION OF THE SURVEY DATA PRODUCED AND PUBLISHED BY THE ECONOMIC RESEARCH FORUM REPRESENTS 50% OF THE ORIGINAL SURVEY DATA COLLECTED BY THE CENTRAL AGENCY FOR PUBLIC MOBILIZATION AND STATISTICS
Economic Census is considered the main source for information about the economic activities in Egypt. The Economic Census provides a huge amount of data which sheds light on the components and elements of economic activity by providing a complete, comprehensive and detailed image of economic establishments in various sectors according to the most recent international standards and concepts.
The main goals of the Economic Census
1- Providing a comprehensive image and detailed information of the structure and characteristics of the various economic activities and their geographical distributions that enable measuring the economic performance.
2- Providing a complete and detailed information about the value of inputs and outputs, separately for each economic activity, at the governorate level and for Egypt.
3- Measuring the contribution of each economic activity in the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and assess its relative importance for each economic activity compared to other economic activities within national economy, at the governorate level and for Egypt.
4- Providing data about the Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (number of establishments and employees, wages, …. etc.), for economic activities at the governorate level and for Egypt.
Kind of Data
Census/enumeration data [cen]
Unit of Analysis
V1.0: A translated version of the Economic Census dataset, produced by the Economic Research Forum for dissemination.
All documentation available for the original survey provided by the Statistical Agency, and for the translated datasets produced by the Economic Research Forum, has been published.
However, as far as the datasets are concerned, the Economic Research Forum produces and releases only the translated versions in both SPSS and STATA formats.
The Economic Census includes a questionnaire that covers:
· Economic Activity,
· Number of Paid/Un-Paied Workers,
· Total Number of Workers,
· Total Wages,
· Value Added,
· Commodity Supplies,
· Total Service Expenses During the Year,
· Total Revenue,
The Census covered a national sample of Establishments.
Producers and sponsors
Central Agency for Public Mobilization and Statistics
Central Agency for Public Mobilization and Statistics
The Establishment Census, carried out within the context of the Population, Housing and Establishment census of 2017 was taken as the framework for the EC census, which includes only operating and temporarily closed establishments (government establishments were excluded). This framework consists of 4,119,716 establishments, out of which 15,496 establishments are covered in the regular statistics.
The frame was divided into two parts, the first represents the active establishments and the second is those temporary closed.
The frame of the operating establishment, was divided into:
A) Regular statistics Establishments,
B) Rare Activities' establishments (activities with 30 establishments or less all over the governorate).
C) The rest of establishments was divided as follows: - Big establishments with 10 employees or more, - Establishments with (5 - 9) employees, - Establishments with (1-4) employees.
The selected sample size for each group was define as follows:
- All establishments (complete coverage) for the following groups:
(A) Regular statistics establishments,
(B) Rare activities' Establishments,
(C) Big establishments, - 50% of establishments with (5 - 9) employees. - 5% of establishments with (1- 4) employees. - 10% of all establishments which were temporarily closed during the Population, Housing and Establishment Census, 2017.
The total respone rate is 96.68%. Response rates by stratum are presented in the methodology document attached to the documentation materials published in Arabic.
Since the selected sample is not self-weighted and with different response rates inside each stratum, therefore, it is necessary to calculate the weights to obtain the economic results or indicators for national, governorates and economic activities.
The sample weights were calculated based on sampling probabilities and the response ratio, separately for each stratum, where the final weights are obtained by multiplying the inverse of the sampling selection probability and the amendment of response rate (inverse response rate) for the same strata. The frame was divided into strata as follows:
For Regular statistics establishments, strata are based on:
- Statistics type (22 statistics)
- Sector (public/ Private)
For other establishments, strata are based on:
- Governorate (27 Governorate)
- Economic activity (2 digits level)
- Employees size (10+, from 5-9, from 1-4 and non-stated)
Dates of Data Collection
Data Collection Mode
Computer Assisted Personal Interview [capi] & Face-to- Face [f2f]
Central Agency For Public Mobilization & Statistics
A total of 36 questionnaires were developed to cover both Regular statistics and the EC sample, as follows:
Part one: Regular statistics, which includes all establishments in both Public and Public Business Sectors, and some private sector establishments, which are regularly conducted annually.
Part two: Including private sector establishments covered in the EC using sampling method, for those which aren't covered by regular statistics.
The Economic Census Questionnaires:
Twelve questionnaires were designed for the 2018/2017 Economic Census to collect data from all economic activities in the private sector, which are not covered in the regular statistics. These activities include:
- Mining and quarrying activities, establishments (9 employees and less),
- Manufacturing Activities (9 employees and less),
- Activities of Repair and maintenance of motor vehicles, personal and household goods,
- Wholesale and Retail-sale Activities,
- Restaurants, food & beverage, and bar services activities,
- Transportation and Storage Activities,
- Business, social and personal services Activities.
- Education activities, institutes and colleges,
- Other educational activities,
- Agricultural activities,
- Communication activities,
- Construction activities.
Regular statistics' Questionnaires:
All 24 questionnaires of the regular statistics were developed, reviewed, and unified to be in line with EC questionnaires and the national accounts' requirements.
Note: The questionnaires can be seen in the documentation tab.
Economic Research Forum
Economic Research Forum (ERF) - 21 Al-Sad Al-Aaly St., Dokki, Giza, Egypt
To access the micro-data, researchers are required to register on the ERF website and comply with the data access agreement. The data will be used only for scholarly, research, or educational purposes. Users are prohibited from using data acquired from the Economic Research Forum in the pursuit of any commercial or private ventures.
Licensed datasets, accessible under conditions.
The users should cite the Economic Research Forum and Central Agency For Public Mobilization & Statistics as follows:
"OAMDI, 2022. Economic Census, http://www.erfdataportal.com/index.php/catalog. Version 1.0 of the licensed data files; Egypt- Eco_Census 2017/2018- Central Agency for Public Mobilization and Statistics (CAPMAS). Egypt: Economic Research Forum (ERF).”
Disclaimer and copyrights
The Economic Research Forum and the Central Agency For Public Mobilization & Statistics have granted the researcher access to relevant data following exhaustive efforts to protect the confidentiality of individual data. The researcher is solely responsible for any analysis or conclusions drawn from available data.