COVID 19 MENA Monitor Enterprise Survey, CMMENT – Wave 1
COVID-19 MENA Monitor Enterprise Survey (ENT/CMMENT)
The COVID-19 MENA Monitor Enterprise Survey includes data set for Jordan that integrates and harmonizes data and variables from up to 3 rounds across 2021. This is the base wave for a panel series that will be collected approximately each two months.
To better understand the impact of the shock induced by the COVID-19 pandemic on micro and small enterprises in Jordan and assess the policy responses in a rapidly changing context, reliable data is imperative, and the need to resort to a dynamic data collection tool at a time when countries in the region are in a state of flux cannot be overstated. The COVID-19 MENA Monitor Survey was led by the Economic Research Forum (ERF) to provide data for researchers and policy makers on the economic and labor market impact of the global COVID-19 pandemic on enterprises.
The ERF COVID-19 MENA Monitor Survey is constructed using a series of short panel phone surveys, that are conducted approximately every two months, and it will cover business closure (temporary/permanent) due to lockdowns, ability to telework/deliver the service, disruptions to supply chains (for inputs and outputs), loss of product markets, increased cost of supplies, worker layoffs, salary adjustments, access to lines of credit and delays in transportation. Understanding the strategies of enterprises (particularly micro and small enterprises) to cope with the crisis is one of the main objectives of this survey. Specific constraints such as weak access to the internet in some areas or laws constraining goods' delivery will be analyzed. Enterprise owners will also be asked about prospects for the future, including ability to stay open, and whether they benefited from any measures to support their businesses.
The ERF COVID-19 MENA Monitor Survey is a wide-ranging, nationally representative panel survey. The baseline wave of this dataset was collected in February 2021 and harmonized by the Economic Research Forum (ERF) and is featured as wave 1 for enterprise data. The survey is in the process of further expansion to include other waves.
The harmonization was designed to create comparable data that can facilitate cross-country and comparative research between other Arab countries (Morocco, Tunisia and Egypt). All the COVID-19 MENA Monitor surveys incorporate similar survey designs, with data on enterprises within Arab countries (Egypt, Jordan, Tunisia and Morocco).
Kind of Data
Sample survey data [ssd]
Unit of Analysis
V3.0: Version 3 of the COVID 19 MENA Monitor surveys prepared for public dissemination.
The ERF COVID-19 MENA Monitor Enterprise Survey includes a questionnaire that covers:
· business closure (temporary/permanent) due to lockdowns,
· ability to telework/deliver the service,
· disruptions to supply chains (for inputs and outputs),
· loss of product markets,
· increased cost of supplies,
· worker layoffs,
· salary adjustments,
· access to lines of credit and delays in transportation.
· understanding the strategies of enterprises (particularly micro and small enterprises) to cope with the crisis
· specific constraints such as access to the internet
· laws constraining goods' delivery
· enterprise owners will also be asked about prospects for the future, including ability to stay open, and whether they benefited from any measures to support their businesses
The sample universe for the enterprise survey was enterprises that had 6-199 workers pre-COVID-19
Producers and sponsors
Economics Research Forum
Arab Fund for Economic and Social Development
Foreign, Commonwealth an Development Office
Use Kinz (a Jordanian corporate data mining website, which had a larger sample of enterprises than the Yellow Pages in Jordan) as follow:
o Data on broad categories (e.g. Industry, Marketing)
o Coded into five strata: (1) services, (2) food & accommodation, (3) trade and agriculture, (4) construction, (5) industry
o Initial frame restricted to enterprises with 5-250 workers. Further restricted to enterprises with 6-199 workers in February 2020 based on an eligibility question during the phone interview
Inverse probability weighting was undertaken to account for the sampling strategy and non-response. In addition, We adjust the total number of enterprises in the sampling frame to account for the fact that not all enterprises were eligible.
Note: there are more details on the weights and sampling at the “COVID-19 MENA monitor enterprise weights” document in the documentation tab.
Dates of Data Collection
Data Collection Mode
Computer Assisted Telephone Interview [cati]
Data Collection Notes
ERF seeks IRB (Institutional Research Board) approval for all its data collection exercises to ensure the protection of the rights and welfare of human subjects participating in the research project. All interviews are conditioned upon receiving informed consent (which spells out the respondent's rights) from respondents.
Data are collected through three bi-monthly waves of phone surveys covering at least 500 unique enterprises in each wave.
PHI Field & Tab
The enterprise questionnaire is carried out to understand the strategies of enterprises -particularly micro and small enterprises- to cope with the crisis as well as related constraints and prospects for the future. It includes questions on business closure (temporary/permanent) due to lockdowns, ability to telework/deliver the service, disruptions to supply chains (for inputs and outputs), loss of product markets, increased cost of supplies, worker layoffs, salary adjustments, access to lines of credit and delays in transportation.
Note: The questionnaire can be seen in the documentation materials tab.
Economic Research Forum
Economic Research Forum (ERF) - 21 Al-Sad Al-Aaly St., Dokki, Giza, Egypt
To access the micro-data, researchers are required to register on the ERF website and comply with the data access agreement. The data will be used only for scholarly, research, or educational purposes. Users are prohibited from using data acquired from the Economic Research Forum in the pursuit of any commercial or private ventures.
Licensed datasets, accessible under conditions.
The users should cite the Economic Research Forum as follows:
"OAMDI, 2021. COVID-19 MENA Monitor Enterprise Survey (CMMENT), http://www.erfdataportal.com/index.php/catalog. Version 3.0 of the licensed data files; Jordan -CMMENT Wave 1. Egypt: Economic Research Forum (ERF)."
Disclaimer and copyrights
The Economic Research Forum has granted the researcher access to relevant data following exhaustive efforts to protect the confidentiality of individual data. The researcher is solely responsible for any analysis or conclusions drawn from available data.