The survey collected cross-sectional data on a nationally representative sample of individuals (young people) falling within the age range of 16-30 years. The sample included only Jordanian and Syrian young people (no young people of other nationalities).
Jordan's population is relatively young, with nearly a third of the country's population aged between 16 and 30 years. Jordan's youth population also grew substantially with the influx of Syrian refugees after 2011, a refugee population that is overwhelmingly young. The success - or struggles - of Jordan's youth during the critical phase of adolescence and young adulthood will shape the future of a generation - and the country.
Young Jordanians and Syrians face a number of challenges in their transition to adulthood. For instance, young people in Jordan have some of the lowest employment rates in the world. This project on youth economic and social engagement was designed to better understand youth experiences, needs, and attitudes. Understanding youth perspectives, aspirations, and realities is critical to designing policies and programmes to support their transition to adulthood. This report presents new data on young people, their aspirations, and experiences, discussing key challenges and potential solutions to help young people achieve their goals.
In order to understand the economic and social engagement of young people quantitative data (survey) was collected. The quantitative data were based on a nationally representative survey of Jordanians and Syrians in Jordan aged 16-30. This survey is referred to as the Survey of Young People in Jordan (SYPJ).
The resulting sample reached 2,854 households and 4,538 youth.
Kind of Data
Sample survey data [ssd]
Unit of Analysis
2- Youth aged (16-30) years.
Version 1: A version of SYPJ 2021 data prepared by the UNICEF Jordan and the ERF for dissemination
Father's and Mother's characteristics
Household sources of income
Employment and labor market
Marriage and fertility
Earnings, saving and banking
Political knowledge, Social Engagement, Social Attitudes, & Economic Attitudes
Covering a sample of urban and rural areas in all the governorates. In addition, the camps sample was undertaken in all three official refugee camps for Syrians in Jordan (Azraq camp, Emirati-Jordanian camp, and Zaatari camp).
The survey is a nationally representative sample of individuals (young people) falling within the age range of 16-30 years. The sample included only Jordanian and Syrian young people (no young people of other nationalities).
Producers and sponsors
The sample was a random, stratified, multi-stage cluster sample that ultimately sampled households and includes all young people in the households within the 16-30 years age range. In-person data collection occurred for the sample not in refugee camps from 5 August 2020 to 14 October 2020. Due to COVID-19 safety considerations, data collection took place over the phone for residents of refugee camps from 10 February 2021 to 12 March 2021. The final sample consisted of 2,854 households and 4,538 young people completed individual questionnaires (1,757 young Syrians and 2,781 young Jordanians). Weights were generated to account for the sampling strategy, household nonresponse, and individual non-response.
The survey underwent ethical approvals at the St. Catherine University Institutional Review Board and review and permitting with the Jordanian Department of Statistics. The questionnaire was programmed into Survey CTO, which was used for data collection on tablets.
The survey included both a household and an individual (youth) questionnaire. Households randomly selected with eligible individuals (Syrians and Jordanians aged 16-30) were visited and attempts were made to interview all eligible individuals within the selected households. The household was contacted only once for an initial visit, but up to three visits were undertaken to attempt to reach the young person her or himself, with the interview administered to a proxy on the third visit if the young person remained unavailable. The household questionnaire could be answered by anyone, preferably the most knowledgeable member in the household. The youth questionnaire was designed to be answered by the young person her or himself; a proxy respondent was only taken on the third attempt. A total of 2,500 young Jordanians and 1,500 young Syrians were targeted.
In-person data collection (outside of refugee camps) began on 5 August 2020 and continued until 27 September 2020.155 A total of 2,368 household questionnaires (581 Syrian-headed households and 1,787 Jordanian-headed households) were successfully completed in-person. A total of 3,720 individual (youth) questionnaires (to 939 young Syrians and 2,781 young Jordanians) were successfully completed in-person. See the weighting section, below, for information on response rates.
Due to COVID-19 safety concerns, in-person data collection in official refugee camps was not feasible. In collaboration with UNICEF, UNHCR, the Mindset team, and the research team, a random sample of households with eligible young people in refugee camps was developed and contacted by phone. Phone-based surveys of the refugee camp sample took place from 10 February 2021 to 12 March 2021.
The final sample consisted of 2,854 households and 4,538 young people completed individual questionnaires (1,757 young Syrians and 2,781 young Jordanians), with a final response rate of 64.2 per cent of individual youth questionnaires.
Due to the sampling of buildings, and then dwelling units within buildings, weights may vary within each PSU denoted p. Weights were calculated separately for each nationality (Syrian or Jordanian), denoted n.
Note: there are more details on the weights and sampling at the “Youth-Transitions-to-Adulthood-in-Jordan (Report in English).pdf” document at the documentation materials.
Dates of Data Collection
Data Collection Mode
Face-to-face [f2f] for the sample frame which implemented outside the official refugee camps, and by phone for the camps
Data Collection Notes
Sample frame: non-camps
The sample frame for the survey, as implemented outside of official refugee camps, was Jordan’s most recent census, the Population and Housing Census of 2015. A stratified multi-stage cluster design was used, with clusters (neighbourhoods, hayy) sampled according to the principle of probability proportional to size. The neighbourhoods (hayy) were the Primary Sampling Units (PSUs). 167 PSUs were drawn, with replacement. The sample was stratified by share of Syrian households in each neighbourhood (hayy/PSU) and by region or governorate and urban/rural/camp location.
The high share Syrian strata were over-sampled to ensure a sufficient sample size of young Syrians.
The camps sample was undertaken in all three official refugee camps for Syrians in Jordan:
• Azraq camp
• Emirati-Jordanian camp
• Zaatari camp
When fieldwork for the camps had to be undertaken by phone rather than in person, instead of using a cluster sample, the sample was stratified by camp, randomly sampling among eligible households in each camp. Under a data sharing agreement with UNICEF, UNHCR provided a random sample (including phone numbers) for households with eligible young people (aged 16-30) in camps.
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The users should cite the Economic Research Forum as follows:
"OAMDI, 2022. Youth surveys (SYP), . Version 1.0 of the licensed data files; Ragui Assaad, Caroline Krafft, Maia Sieverding. 2021. “Survey of Young People in Jordan -- UNICEF.” [Computer file]. Egypt: Economic Research Forum (ERF) (distributor)."
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