COVID 19 Business Pulse Survey, CMMENT-(March-May) 2020
COVID 19 Business Pulse Survey [ENT/CMMENT]
The COVID-19 Business Pulse Survey involves a cross-sectional dataset for small, medium and large institutions in Palestine, that includes some harmonized variables with COVID-19 MENA Monitor surveys.
The world is witnessing rapid changes resulting from the Coronavirus pandemic (COVID-19), which it is affecting all aspects of life. It is quite obvious that such effects have negatively impacted the economic, social, environmental and health conditions. This critical situation has imposed tough challenges against the Palestinian economy that would require observation, following up and monitoring the Palestinian institutions' economic conditions during the pandemic in order to measure the size of changes that have occurred on those institutions' economic conditions, as well as being comparable with normal and exceptional conditions. To that end, the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics (PCBS) took the responsibility of implementing the COVID-19 Business Pulse Survey to meet the needs of policy and decision makers from both the private and public sectors, in addition to civil society and international institutions in a manner that contributes to developing programs and interventions that can mitigate the impacts and consequences of this pandemic.
Despite the closure of borders around the world and the aggressive containment measures, the Coronavirus (COVID19) continues to spread globally. Therefore, the aim of the COVID-19 Business Pulse Survey, 2020 is to assess the dynamics of the impacts of COVID-19 on small, medium and large institutions in Palestine.
Kind of Data
Sample survey data [ssd]
Unit of Analysis
V1.0: A cleaned and a harmonized version of the survey dataset, produced by the Economic Research Forum for dissemination.
The COVID-19 Business Pulse Survey in Palestine includes a questionnaire that covers the following dimensions:
· Screener Information,
· Control Information,
· General Information,
· Number of employed persons,
· COVID-19 impact on institutions (on employment, sales, raw materials),
· Dealing with financial problems,
· Expectation and uncertainty,
· Mechanism for dealing with financial problems in institutions,
· Required interventions (policies),
· Baseline of economic indicators.
The survey covered a national sample of enterprises working in any of the following activities: industry, construction, internal trade, information and communication, transportation and storage, and services.
Producers and sponsors
Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics
Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit
generous support through the Ministry of National Economy's IPSD Project
Sample and Frame:
The sample is One-Stage Stratified Systematic Random Sample (without replacement).
Three levels are used to divide the population into strata:
1. Region (North of the West Bank in addition to Jericho Governorate, Ramallah and Al-Bireh Governorate, Jerusalem Governorate, Bethlehem Governorate, Hebron Governorate, Gaza Strip)
2. Strata were created based on the fourth digit of ISIC-4, excluding services sector based on the second in which every activity presents an actual stratum.
3. Enterprise size (small, medium, large) by number of employees.
13,974 enterprises were reached of which,11,243 enterprises responded on COVID-19 questions, and 10,602 enterprises responded on financial questions (baseline of economic indicators)
For COVID-19 survey the Response rate values is:
- The size of the selected sample in Palestine was 13,974 institutions.
- The size of the achieved sample from the field was 11,243 institutions in Palestine.
- Non-response cases: 1,491.
- Over-coverage cases: 1,240.
- Net sample: 12,734
- Response rate: 88.3%.
- Non-response rate: 11.7 %.
- Over-coverage rate: 8.9%.
For financial questions (baseline of economic indicators), the response rate values is:
- The size of the achieved sample from the field was 10,643 institutions in Palestine.
- Non-response cases: 2,023.
- Over-coverage cases: 1,308.
- Net sample: 12,666
- Response rate: 84.0%.
- Non-response rate: 16.0 %.
- Over-coverage rate: 9.4%
The weight of statistical units (sampling unit) in the sample was defined as the mathematical inverse of the selection probability where the sample of the survey is one-stage stratified systematic random sample, so we calculated the weight of each enterprise depending on the selection probability of each enterprise (a systematic random sample), then weights were adjusted based on interview result.
Note: there are more details on the CBPS Report at the documentation materials.
It is the period which data are gathered about, the period of COVID 19 questions is 2020 , but the period of financial questions (baseline of economic indicators) is 2019 ( 1/1/2019 –31/12/2019).
- Face-to-face interviews and the phone interviews were carried out using both PC Tablets and a paper questionnaire.
- Data collection methods were as follows:
o West Bank excluding J1: All data were collected using PC-tablets.
o J1: Data were collected using paper questionnaires and at the end of the day; an operator entered that data using PC-tablets.
o Gaza strip: All data were collected using PC-tablets
- Data collection started on 21/06/2020 and ended on 30/11/2020.
- The data collected through personal interviews for 60% of the sample and the other 40% was by phone.
Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics
The survey's questionnaire was designed to achieve the objectives of this study. The questionnaire included essential variables required to study the impacts of COVID-19 on small, medium and large institutions in the West Bank and Gaza. It was oriented by joint efforts between PCBS team and the World Bank team and cooperation with GIZ and international institutions adaptation to the Palestinian situation.
Note: The questionnaire could be seen in the documentation materials tab.
Notes on Data:
1. The data was separated into two files, one file contains the data for establishment's responses on COVID-19 questions, and the other contains the data for establishment's responses on financial questions (baseline of economic indicators). The two data sets cannot be combined at this stage.
2. The financial data (baseline of economic indicators) excluded those parts of Jerusalem which were annexed by Israeli Occupation in 1967.
3. The services survey covers profit, non-profit enterprises, and output of non-profit enterprises in the National Accounts System 2008 (SNA'2008) equals to the value of intermediate consumption, and the value of employee compensation, and the value of depreciation of fixed assets, in addition to the value of net taxes and fees on production.
4. Financial data were collected in NIS
Economic Research Forum
Economic Research Forum - 21 Al-Sad Al-Aaly St., Dokki, Giza, Egypt
To access the micro-data, researchers are required to register on the ERF website and comply with the data access agreement. The data will be used only for scholarly, research, or educational purposes. Users are prohibited from using data acquired from the Economic Research Forum in the pursuit of any commercial or private ventures.
Licensed datasets, accessible under conditions.
The users should cite the Economic Research Forum as follows:
"OAMDI, 2021. COVID-19 MENA Monitor Enterprise Survey (CMMENT), http://www.erfdataportal.com/index.php/catalog. Version 1.0 of the licensed data files; Palestine-CMMENT Wave 1- Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics (PCBS). Egypt: Economic Research Forum (ERF)."
Disclaimer and copyrights
The Economic Research Forum has granted the researcher access to relevant data following exhaustive efforts to protect the confidentiality of individual data. The researcher is solely responsible for any analysis or conclusions drawn from available data.