COVID 19 MENA Monitor Enterprise Survey, CMMENT – Wave 2
COVID-19 MENA Monitor Enterprise Survey (ENT/ CMMENT)
The COVID-19 MENA Monitor Enterprise Survey includes data set for Tunisia that integrates and harmonizes data and variables from up to 3 rounds across 2021. This data will include the base wave that was collected from January to April 2021, and the panel data that was collected from June to July 2021. The panel series will be collected approximately each two months.
To better understand the impact of the shock induced by the COVID-19 pandemic on micro and small enterprises in Tunisia and assess the policy responses in a rapidly changing context, reliable data is imperative, and the need to resort to a dynamic data collection tool at a time when countries in the region are in a state of flux cannot be overstated. The COVID-19 MENA Monitor Survey was led by the Economic Research Forum (ERF) to provide data for researchers and policy makers on the economic and labor market impact of the global COVID-19 pandemic on enterprises.
The ERF COVID-19 MENA Monitor Survey is constructed using a series of short panel phone surveys, that are conducted approximately every two months, and it will cover business closure (temporary/permanent) due to lockdowns, ability to telework/deliver the service, disruptions to supply chains (for inputs and outputs), loss of product markets, increased cost of supplies, worker layoffs, salary adjustments, access to lines of credit and delays in transportation. Understanding the strategies of enterprises (particularly micro and small enterprises) to cope with the crisis is one of the main objectives of this survey. Specific constraints such as weak access to the internet in some areas or laws constraining goods' delivery will be analyzed. Enterprise owners will also be asked about prospects for the future, including ability to stay open, and whether they benefited from any measures to support their businesses.
The ERF COVID-19 MENA Monitor Survey is a wide-ranging, nationally representative panel survey. The wave 2 of this dataset was collected from June to July 2021 and harmonized by the Economic Research Forum (ERF) and is featured as data for enterprise data. The survey is in the process of further expansion to include other waves.
The harmonization was designed to create comparable data that can facilitate cross-country and comparative research between other Arab countries (Morocco, Egypt and Jordan). All the COVID-19 MENA Monitor surveys incorporate similar survey designs, with data on enterprises within Arab countries (Egypt, Jordan, Tunisia, and Morocco).
Kind of Data
Sample survey data [ssd]
Unit of Analysis
V3.0: Version 3 of the COVID 19 MENA Monitor surveys prepared for public dissemination.
The ERF COVID-19 MENA Monitor Enterprise Survey includes a questionnaire that covers:
· business closure (temporary/permanent) due to lockdowns,
· ability to telework/deliver the service,
· disruptions to supply chains (for inputs and outputs),
· loss of product markets,
· increased cost of supplies,
· worker layoffs,
· salary adjustments,
· access to lines of credit and delays in transportation.
· understanding the strategies of enterprises (particularly micro and small enterprises) to cope with the crisis
· specific constraints such as access to the internet
· laws constraining goods' delivery
· enterprise owners will also be asked about prospects for the future, including ability to stay open, and whether they benefited from any measures to support their businesses
The sample universe for the enterprise survey was enterprises that had 6-199 workers pre-COVID-19
Producers and sponsors
Economics Research Forum
Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency
Funding is provided by the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (SIDA), through the International Labour Organization’s (ILO) Advancing the Decent Work Agenda in North Africa – ADWA Project.
International Labour Organization (ADWA Project, and Cairo Office)
Arab Fund for Economic and Social Development
The sample universe for the firm survey was firms that had 6-199 workers pre-COVID-19. Stratified random samples were used to ensure adequate sample size in key strata. A target of 500 firms was set as a sample.
Up to Five attempts were made to ensure response if a phone number was not picked up/answered, was disconnected or busy, or picked up but could not complete the interview at that time. After the fifth failed attempt, a firm was treated as a non-response and a random firm from the same stratum was used as an alternate.
Use the National Institute of Statistics (INS) and Agency for the Promotion of Industry and Innovation (APII) databases as follow:
o Tunisia did not have a Yellow Pages or similar database, so administrative/statistics data sources had to be used
o The sample started with the INS frame with 1,238 enterprises with 6-200 wage employees
§ Enterprises were stratified into: (1) Agriculture (2) Industry (3) Construction (4) Trade (5) Accommodation (6) Service
§ Enterprises were also stratified by size in terms of 6-49 versus 50-200 employees
§ A random stratified sample (order) was selected
§ Further restricted to enterprises with 6-199 workers in February 2020 based on an eligibility question during the phone interview
§ This sample frame was eventually exhausted
o After the INS sample was exhausted, the APII sample was used
§ APII only covered enterprises with 10+ workers
§ APII only covered (1) services & transport, and (2) industry
o Weights are based on the underlying data on all enterprises from INS, specifically: Entreprises privées selon l'activité principale et la tranche de salariés (RNE 2019).
§ We ultimately stratify the Tunisia weights by industry and enterprises sized: 6-9 employees (since APII only covered 10+), 10-49, and 50-199
Inverse probability weighting was undertaken to account for the sampling strategy and non-response. In addition, We adjust the total number of enterprises in the sampling frame to account for the fact that not all enterprises were eligible.
Note: there are more details on the weights and sampling at the “COVID-19 MENA monitor enterprise weights” document in the documentation tab.
Dates of Data Collection
Data Collection Mode
Computer Assisted Telephone Interview [cati]
Data Collection Notes
ERF seeks IRB (Institutional Research Board) approval for all its data collection exercises to ensure the protection of the rights and welfare of human subjects participating in the research project. All interviews are conditioned upon receiving informed consent (which spells out the respondent's rights) from respondents.
Data are collected through three bi-monthly waves of phone surveys covering at least 500 unique enterprises in each wave.
PHI Field & Tab
The enterprise questionnaire is carried out to understand the strategies of enterprises -particularly micro and small enterprises- to cope with the crisis as well as related constraints and prospects for the future. It includes questions on business closure (temporary/permanent) due to lockdowns, ability to telework/deliver the service, disruptions to supply chains (for inputs and outputs), loss of product markets, increased cost of supplies, worker layoffs, salary adjustments, access to lines of credit and delays in transportation.
Note: The questionnaire can be seen in the documentation materials tab.
Economic Research Forum
Economic Research Forum (ERF) - 21 Al-Sad Al-Aaly St., Dokki, Giza, Egypt
To access the micro-data, researchers are required to register on the ERF website and comply with the data access agreement. The data will be used only for scholarly, research, or educational purposes. Users are prohibited from using data acquired from the Economic Research Forum in the pursuit of any commercial or private ventures.
Licensed datasets, accessible under conditions.
The users should cite the Economic Research Forum as follows:
"OAMDI, 2021. COVID-19 MENA Monitor Enterprise Survey (CMMENT), http://www.erfdataportal.com/index.php/catalog. Version 3.0 of the licensed data files; Tunisia- CMMENT Wave 2. Egypt: Economic Research Forum (ERF).”
Disclaimer and copyrights
The Economic Research Forum has granted the researcher access to relevant data following exhaustive efforts to protect the confidentiality of individual data. The researcher is solely responsible for any analysis or conclusions drawn from available data.