The Jordan NCLS 2016 is a successor to the Jordan NCLS 2007 that was likewise supported by the ILO but is an advance in several aspects. First, the survey estimates incorporate the guidelines and statistical measurement standards on child labour and relevant statistics of working children as contained in the Resolution concerning the statistics of child labour adopted in December 2008 at the 18th International Conference of Labour Statisticians. Second, the initial survey covered children aged 5-17 years. Third, to provide robust estimates of child labour within Jordan, the entire resident population of Jordan, including migrants and refugee households, was the survey's target population. This last point is important in that the situation on the ground in Jordan over the past few years has been considerably altered by the large influx of Syrian refugees.
Jordan National Child Labour Survey (NCLS) 2016
The primary objective of the project and the NCLS 2016 is to provide an updated and comprehensive database on child labour in Jordan to support the creation of an enabling environment in which to combat child labour, by building on achievements already made in the country and to continue complementing other initiatives of the Government of Jordan and Civil Society aimed at reducing student drop-out from basic education, improving working conditions for youth, and progressively eliminating child labour. The findings of the Jordan NCLS 2016 should also facilitate the process of informed and targeted policy-making by the Ministry of Labour and Ministry of Social Development in order to combat the underlying factors leading to child labour.
The Jordan NCLS 2016 was implemented with a final sample size of 20,002 households selected randomly in a 2-stage sampling process across the entire country. It was designed to generate estimates disaggregated by the 12 governorates and the Zaatari Refugee Camp with breakdown by sex, children 5-17 years by major groups, rural or urban residence, and nationality as Jordanian, Syrian or other nationalities.
Kind of Data
Sample survey data [ssd]
Unit of Analysis
2- Child aged (5-17) years.
Version 1: A version of Jordan_NCLS_2016 data prepared by International Labour Organization and the ERF for dissemination
The topics covered by the survey include the following:
1- Family and household characteristics
2- Characteristics for all family members aged 5 years and over
3- Educational status of all family members aged 5 years and over
4- Work or economic status for all family members aged 5 years and over
5- Safety and health standards of workers aged 5-17 years
7- Risks related to working children aged 5-17 years
8- Household chores for children aged 5-17 years
Family and household characteristics
Characteristics for all Family members
Safety and health standards of workers
Risks related to working children
Household chores for children
In the Jordan National Child Labour Survey (NCLS) 2016; families of all nationalities residing in Jordan were included in the survey. In addition, a sample of the Syrian refugees living in refugee camps was also included in the survey. Although the survey has included all nationalities, it was nevertheless not possible to include them as a separate category in the analysis because of the small number of non-Arab nationalities. The target sample included families with children aged 5-17 years, and excluded families without children in that age group.
The survey covered a national sample of households and selected children aged (5-17) years
Producers and sponsors
International Labour Organization
the Center for Strategic Studies
University of Jordan
Jordan National Child Labour Survey 2016
Survey design and implementation
The sample used in this survey is a Multistage Stratified Cluster sample method of two phases:
Phase One: sampling the primary sample units (PSU)
Phase Two: Sampling the targeted household from each of the PSU
First stage: Selection of the enumeration areas according to probability in proportion to size (where the total number of private families was considered as the weighting factor for that area).
Second stage: Selection of the household sample for each selected area.
The sample size for this study included 1,667 blocks (PSU), covering 20,000 families. The final sample size was 20,002 families, comprising 122,446 members in total.
The original population was divided into 32 strata according to the following criteria:
Large cities: Those with a total population of over 100,000 according to the 2004 census (there were six cities):
(i) remaining urban areas (12 strata)
(ii) rural areas (12 strata)
(iii) Syrian refugees camps (6 strata)
Regarding Palestinian refugees camps, they have been covered within the urban sample in the provinces. An independent sample of some of the camps was taken to ensure that the sample size was sufficient for extraction of results at high accuracy in those camps.
The sample size comprised 20,002 families, which is large enough to give a good estimate both at the urban/rural level and the level of the provincial and regional breakdown. It should be taken into consideration that houses that were not eligible, that refused to take part, or that were empty, were replaced in order to ensure that the sample target (20,002 families) would be maintained, since the team visited 21,978 families.
Dates of Data Collection
Data Collection Mode
Data Collection Notes
Workers at various levels of supervision were employed to work on this project to follow-up implementation of the survey. Qualification and experience were the main selection criteria used. CSS followed a strategy under which each group of four field workers had an experienced field supervisor with them all the time. Those supervisors were shuffled between different groups at different intervals so that field workers gain experience working with different field supervisors. For the purpose of this survey, CSS hired 80 field workers, 20 field supervisors and two field coordinators who visited the field workers on a daily basis. In addition, CSS hired a fieldwork coordinator, who oversees the daily work and reports to CSS polling unit team.
The CSS team with the support of the fieldwork coordinator put together a detailed comprehensive data collection work plan. The workload was distributed to field supervisors in a balanced manner that guaranteed representation and fairness. In addition, during the fieldwork, the fieldwork groups met again, and their work plans were revised, and then re-distributed into different groups. Fieldwork started on 14 November 2015 and ended on 24 February 2016.
To make the data collection easy for the groups, each group had to work on two blocks per day. Data checks were done automatically through the use of smart tablets in data collection. In addition, the field supervisors had to attend some of the interviews in the field and check on the data collectors. Callbacks were done on 20 per cent of the total sample and a team implemented a daily callback check on the collected data by calling the respondents to ensure that there was no missing data or to identify and correct any missing information.
he Center for Strategic Studies at the University of Jordan
In order to arrive at a comprehensive conclusion on child labour in Jordan, a special questionnaire was designed to be applied to the Jordanian context, the questionnaire being compiled from the merged form (parents-and-child questionnaire), which contains the families' characteristics, and the second section containing the details of child labour including hazardous work and household chores. The advantage of this model is that it gives all details of the families and their members in terms of education and employment, plus all details relating to the work of children and the quality of the business and activities in which they take part, the place and times of work, and the exposure to risks at work. There is also a special section on domestic work.
The questionnaire consists of seven main sections, namely:
- Family and household characteristics
- Characteristics for all family members aged 5 years and over
- Educational status of all family members aged 5 years and over
- Work or economic status for all family members aged 5 years and over
- Safety and health standards of workers aged 5-17 years
- Risks related to working children aged 5-17 years
- Household chores for children aged 5-17 years
Before data processing took place, the programmer programmed the questionnaire on the smart tablets using CSpro 6.2 (Android base tablets), and thus the questionnaire was completed electronically rather than using paper questionnaires. Quality checks and skips could be done automatically for each questionnaire completed in the field. This guaranteed higher-quality data and quick data transfer from tablets to the main server. The processing steps and coding started after all data were collected and more checks and tests had been done on the collected data. Data were transferred from tablets on a daily basis and extra copies of the data were stored in a safe drive in case of damage or loss. After completing the data collection, all data were merged into one SPSS file for quality check, coding and data analysis.
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"International Labour Organization, 2016.
Jordan National Child Labour Survey 2016, NCLS 2016. [Computer file]. Amman, Jordan : OAMDI; Economic Research Forum (distributor)."
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