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Palestine - Expenditure and Consumption Survey, PECS 1995/1996 (For documentation only)

Status of Employment (PCEMS)
File: Pal_1996_Person
Type: Discrete
Format: numeric
Width: 2
Decimals: 0
Range: 1-99
Valid cases: 5911 (5837.8)
Invalid: 25776 (25397.9)
Minimum: 1
Maximum: 99
Mean: 9.8 (9.7)
Standard deviation: 26.5 (26.5)
Detailed description of the employment status (employee, own-account workers, employer, unpaid family worker, etc.) in (current or last held) job, ideally following the ICSE classification.
Active individuals aged 12+
Source of information
Data Dictionary & Questionnaire/Codebook
1 Employee 3045 3022 51.8%
2 Employer 273 273 4.7%
3 Own-account, self-employed 1679 1645 28.2%
4 Contributing (unpaid) family worker 434 427 7.3%
5 Members of producers cooperatives 0 0 0.0%
6 Workers not classifiable by status (other) 0 0 0.0%
99 Not stated 480 471 8.1%
Sysmiss 25776 25398
Warning: these figures indicate the number of cases found in the data file. They cannot be interpreted as summary statistics of the population of interest.
Imputation and Derivation
Original survey variable recoded/renamed (Ref: Data dictionary.pdf)
The lower age cutoff (and perhaps upper age cutoff) at which information is collected will vary from country to country. Definitions taken from the International Labor Organizations Classification of Status in Employment with some revisions to take into account the data available.
Employee includes anyone whose basic remuneration is not directly dependent on the revenue of the unit they work for, typically remunerated by wages and salaries but may be paid for piece work or in-kind. The continuous criteria used in the ILO definition is not used here as data are often absent and due to country specificity.
Public includes quasi-government organizations.
Employer is a business owner (whether alone or in partnership) with employees. If the only people working in the business are the owner and contributing family workers, the person is not considered an employer (as has no employees) and is, instead classified as own account.
Own account or self-employment: jobs are those where remuneration is directly dependent from the goods and service produced (where home consumption is considered to be part of the profits) and have not engaged any permanent employees to work for them on a continuous basis during the reference period.
Members of producers cooperatives are workers who hold a self-employment job in a cooperative producing goods and services .
Contributing family workers are those workers who hold a self-employment job in a market-oriented establishment operated by a related person living in the same households who cannot be regarded as a partner because of their degree of commitment to the operation of the establishment, in terms of working time or other factors, is not at a level comparable to that of the head of the establishment.
Workers not classifiable by status (code 6) include those for whom insufficient relevant information is available and/or who cannot be included in any of the preceding categories.
The variable should generally cover the active sample (employed and unemployed).
Active sample reported as "not stated (code 99)" should normally include employed for whom the status was not identified and unemployed if status in last job is not reported.


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