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Palestine - Expenditure and Consumption Survey, PECS 1995/1996 (For documentation only)

Educational level (PEDUC)
File: Pal_1996_Person
Type: Discrete
Format: numeric
Width: 2
Decimals: 0
Range: 1-99
Valid cases: 19424 (19178.5)
Invalid: 12263 (12057.2)
Minimum: 1
Maximum: 7
Mean: 2.5 (2.5)
Standard deviation: 1.4 (1.4)
Highest level of education attained.
All individuals aged 12+
Source of information
Data Dictionary & Questionnaire/Codebook
1 None 5311 5204 27.1%
2 Primary 5235 5157 26.9%
3 Lower secondary 4559 4514 23.5%
4 Secondary 2699 2682 14.0%
5 Post secondary or equivalent 855 851 4.4%
6 University 670 674 3.5%
7 Postgraduate 95 97 0.5%
99 Not stated 0 0 0.0%
Sysmiss 12263 12057
Warning: these figures indicate the number of cases found in the data file. They cannot be interpreted as summary statistics of the population of interest.
Imputation and Derivation
Original survey variable recoded/renamed (Ref: Data dictionary.pdf)
Primary corresponds to elementary, and lower secondary to preparatory/second stage of basic education
In case there is no distinction in the survey between primary and preparatory education level and the individual is not currently enrolled in school we consider his education level primary
If there is no information on highest level of education completed, the variable can be constructed using diploma level and/or years of education. The selection of the variable must be based on a careful review of the data.
When using currently attending information (level or grade) to construct the variable, it must correspond to the grade (or level) presently attending minus one (1).
This is country specific- not all countries require the same number of school years to complete a given level.
The value "None" does not mean that the person never attended school it means that the individual did not complete the first level of education (elementary)
None corresponds either to those currently enrolled in primary but didn't get the diploma or those illiterate, Read and Write, in informal school such as Koranic school, traditional, vocational training or adult etc.(cross tabulation with type of school will allow to identify those without education level)
If there is no question on highest level of education completed for those not attending school and there is no information on diploma and/or years of education completed, then the variable cannot be constructed.
University education level refers to any higher education after successfully completing secondary level of education regardless of whether this was completed.
Not stated is for cases where no education level is stated- this should be checked and avoided as much as possible. This classification should be documented.
If no information on the completeness of the education level, classify as incomplete and add specific comment to documentation.
If person is illiterate and there is no information on school level, cases are coded 1 "None".
If there is no information on the literacy status all levels other than formal education grades and not stated can be coded 1 "None".


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