Warning: these figures indicate the number of cases found in the data file. They cannot be interpreted as summary statistics of the population of interest.
Detailed description of the employment status (employee, own-account workers, employer, unpaid family worker, etc.) in the main job, ideally following the ICSE classification (1993)..
Employed individuals aged 6+
Source of information
Data Dictionary & Questionnaire/Codebook
Imputation and derivation
Original survey variable recoded/renamed (Ref: Data dictionary.pdf)
Definitions are taken from the ILO Classification of Status in Employment with some revisions to take into account the available data.
- Employee includes anyone who works for a public or private employer and whose basic remuneration is not directly dependent on the revenue of the unit they work for, typically remunerated by wages and salaries but may be paid for piece work or in-kind. The payment is based on an explicit (written or oral) or implicit employment contract. The continuous criteria used in the ILO definition is not used here as data are often absent and due to country specificity. Public includes quasi-government organizations.
- Employer is a business owner (whether alone or in partnership) with employees. If the only people working in the business are the owner and contributing family workers, the individual is not considered an employer (as they have no employees) and is, instead classified as own account. Employer is termed as a self-employed worker with hired employees.
- Own account or self-employment: jobs are those where remuneration is directly dependent on the goods and services produced (where home consumption is considered to be part of the profits) and have not engaged any permanent employees to work for them on a continuous basis during the reference period (e.g., freelancer, individual who gives private lessons or apprentices without payment).
- Members of producers’ cooperatives are workers who hold a self-employment job in a cooperative that produces goods and services. In the cooperative, hired workers and these workers have an employment contract that gives them a basic remuneration that does not depend on the revenue of the cooperative. Such workers are defined as employees and the members of the cooperative are considered as self-employed while the cooperative as an institution is defined to be the employer.
- Contributing family workers are those workers who hold a self-employment job in a market-oriented establishment operated by a related individual living in the same household (or in a house located on the same plot of land and has the same household interests) who cannot be regarded as a partner because of their degree of commitment to the operation of the establishment, in terms of working time or other factors, is not at a level comparable to that of the head of the establishment. These workers often receive remuneration in a form of fringe benefits and payments in kind when the business is owned or operated by the individuals themselves or a relative. This category does not include: unpaid voluntary work done for charity or a relative living elsewhere but coming to help with the business without pay in cash or in kind. Relatives who receive any remuneration (including payments in kind) should be classified as employees.
- Workers not classifiable by status (code 6) include those for whom insufficient relevant information is available and/or who cannot be included in any of the preceding categories.
COUNTRY SPECIFIC NOTES
The original variable indicating the work status (WORK_RELATIONSHIP_STATE) is not reported for those who are arranging to take up paid/self-employment activity, waiting for the start date of an agreed work or having unpaid leave for more than one year. Those were recoded employed but temporary unpaid (MAS_D=130), and all main job characteristics were recoded "not stated" since they did not effectively start working.