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Egypt - Household Income, Expenditure, and Consumption Survey, HIECS 2015

Status of Employment of the head [Standardized version] (EMSHD)
File: Egypt15-HH-V2
Type: Discrete
Format: numeric
Width: 2
Decimals: 0
Range: 1-99
Valid cases: 8795 (8699.6)
Invalid: 3193 (3297.6)
Detailed description of the employment status (employee, own-account workers, employer, unpaid family worker, etc.) in (current or last held) job of the head, ideally following the ICSE classification.
Ever-employed Active heads aged 6+ years
Source of information
Data Dictionary & Questionnaire/Codebook
1 Employee 5412 5364 61.7%
2 Employer 2019 2014 23.2%
3 Own-account, self-employed 1295 1247 14.3%
4 Contributing (unpaid) family worker 19 19 0.2%
5 Members of producers cooperatives 0 0 0.0%
6 Workers not classifiable by status (other) 0 0 0.0%
99 Not stated 50 56 0.6%
Sysmiss 3193 3298
Warning: these figures indicate the number of cases found in the data file. They cannot be interpreted as summary statistics of the population of interest.
Imputation and Derivation
Original survey variable renamed (Ref: Data dictionary.pdf)
The lower age cutoff (and perhaps upper age cutoff) at which information is collected will vary from country to country. Definitions taken from the International Labor Organizations Classification of Status in Employment with some revisions to take into account the data available.

Employee includes anyone whose basic remuneration is not directly dependent on the revenue of the unit they work for, typically remunerated by wages and salaries but may be paid for piece work or in-kind. The continuous criteria used in the ILO definition is not used here as data are often absent and due to country specificity.
Public includes quasi-government organizations.

Employer is a business owner (whether alone or in partnership) with employees. If the only people working in the business are the owner and contributing family workers, the person is not considered an employer (as has no employees) and is, instead classified as own account.

Own account or self-employment: jobs are those where remuneration is directly dependent from the goods and service produced (where home consumption is considered to be part of the profits) and have not engaged any permanent employees to work for them on a continuous basis during the reference period.
Members of producers cooperatives are workers who hold a self-employment job in a cooperative producing goods and services .

Contributing family workers are those workers who hold a self-employment job in a market-oriented establishment operated by a related person living in the same households who cannot be regarded as a partner because of their degree of commitment to the operation of the establishment, in terms of working time or other factors, is not at a level comparable to that of the head of the establishment.
Workers not classifiable by status (code 6) include those for whom insufficient relevant information is available and/or who cannot be included in any of the preceding categories.

The variable should generally cover the active sample (employed and unemployed if previously employed).

While for Unemployed never previously employed, the variable was coded missing.
Active sample reported as "not stated (code 99)" should normally include employed for whom the status was not identified and unemployed previously employed if status in last job is not reported.

Those unemployed and do not search for a job are considered inactive, hence their previous employment information, if they were ever active, is recoded missing.

Non waged workers were recoded as "employee".
Ever employed individuals were identified using Q513 in the raw data, indicating if the individual has ever been employed for a period of 6 continuous months or more.

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